Posts Tagged ‘ETESP Fisheries Sector’
ETESP Fisheries Sector Project Descriptions
According to Rehabilitation and Reconstruction Master Plan 2005, the fisheries sector were highly destroyed and affected by tsunami disaster. One of the governments committed to recovery the fisheries sector through cooperation with Asian Development which program Earthquake and Tsunami Emergency Support Program (ETESP) Fisheries Component was sign on April 2005.
The Fisheries Component of ETESP (ETESP-Fisheries) has supported rehabilitation and reconstruction of the fisheries sector and coastal natural resources in Aceh and Nias. ETESP-Fisheries had six subcomponents, as follow (1) community empowerment; (2) small-scale capture fisheries; (3) small-scale aquaculture; (4) small-scale fish landings and post harvest facilities; (5) coastal resources rehabilitation; and (6) support fisheries service’s restoration. It supported the rehabilitation of livelihoods of tsunami and earthquake were affected people who involved in fisheries sector in eleven districts/city in Aceh Province and Northern Sumatra, comprising : Aceh Besar; Aceh Utara; Pidie; Banda Aceh; Bireuen; Lhokseumawe; Aceh Jaya; Aceh Barat; Simeulue; Nias; and Nias Selatan.
Overal goal for the program implementation as the completion report by NACA stated (2009), to help rebuild the affected regions and support their economic revival to meet the Millennium Development Goals. NACA as the planning consultant has defined several purpose to recovery the fisheries sector aftermath the tsunami disaster to (1) facilitate economic revival in the affected regions by restoring livelihoods; and (2) alleviate constraints due to the lack of adequate public goods and facilities by restoring essential public services and rebuilding infrastructure. For more detail distribution, Table 1 was shown each component purpose.
Table 1. Summary sub components and objectives
|1. Community empowerment||Coastal communities empowered to develop and manage their resources|
|2. Restoration of capture fisheries||Capture fisheries restored to biologically and economically sustainable levels of effort and landings|
|3. Restoration of aquaculture facilities||Aquaculture facilities and production systems restored on a sustainable basis|
|4. Restoration of small-scale fisheries post-harvest facilities||Small-scale fisheries landing and post-harvest facilities restored|
|5. Coastal ecosystem restoration||Coastal environment rehabilitated and properly managed for sustainable use|
|6. Fisheries support services||Provincial and district/sub district fisheries and extension services re-established/strengthened|
Sources : NACA Completion Report (2009)
ETESP Fisheries – Achievements and foundations for the future
On December 26, 2004, an earthquake measuring 9.0 on the Richter scale (Source: United States Geological Survey) struck off the coast of Aceh, Indonesia. It was the most powerful the world has seen in a generation. In the subsequent tsunami that followed, over 150,000 people lost their lives including fishermen and farmers, while an estimated 700,000 people were displaced. The tsunami had caused of the damages to the local economy, infrastructure, and administration were unprecedented. World Bank stated, the total estimate of damages and losses from this matter in Aceh was IDR 41,4 Trillion, or US$ 4,45 Billion- equivalent to about 80 percent of Aceh’s regional gross domestic product.
The earthquake and tsunami also caused unprecedented damage to communities and infrastructure in the coastal areas of Aceh and North Sumatra (Philip and Budiman, 2005). Direct losses to the fisheries sector, including capture fisheries and aquaculture have been estimated at IDR 1,2 Trillion. Lost fisheries production, including aquaculture, as been estimated as IDR 3,8 Trillion. Of the more than 250,000 people dead or missing, fishers and households dependant on fishing and aquaculture make up a disturbingly high proportion of the losses. Based on Word Bank Report, almost 4.717 boats lost and demage was impact by tsunami dissater. Philip and Budiman (2005) stated, of the estimated 47.000 ha of coastal fish ponds operating in 2004, a substantial proportion have been directly and indirectly affected by the tsunami.
The disaster was response from domestic and international communities in those countries affected by the tsunami. It is estimated that about US$ 7,7 billion was committed by the malgamation of funds from the Government of Indonesia, bilateral and multilateral donors, international NGOs, and communities both within and outside Indonesia towards the reconstruction program.
In response to the disaster, an Earthquake and Tsunami Emergency Support Project (ETESP) was approved on 7 April 2005 by the Asian Development Bank (ADB) Board of Directors, providing $290 million grant financing from the Asian Tsunami Fund to meet the disaster management rehabilitation and reconstruction needs of Indonesia. The Project, a multi-sector project, to be implemented from 2005 to 2008, about $30 million of the grant is allocated to support restoration of the livelihoods of affected people in the fisheries sector
The ETESP was provide rehabilitation and reconstruction support to mitigate the damages caused by the devastating earthquake and tsunami. It was also help restore essential public services, rebuild infrastructure and revive economic activity through livelihood support including fisheries sector.