Archive for the ‘Paper’ Category

Sustaining the Agricultural Production System and Environment by Integrative Science: A Case Study from Cassava Production

Presented by Suhenet Nakasuthian; Date: 2012/11/03

Cassava demand has increased in the world for both consumption and industry.  Mainly cassava find and plant in tropical country around the world.  Cassava is the important agricultural product in Thailand due to the fact that cassava has effects in agricultural sector and the linkages to manufactures as well.  Thailand’s cassava production was exported to many countries and it has become the first rank in the world.  Thailand market share on cassava export in 2009 was 83.00%, followed by Vietnam, Indonesia, China and Brazil.  Nowadays, Thailand can produce 21 ton/ha/crop/year.  The objective of this research is to put tremendous effort or number of strategies imposing on the improvement programs covering the breeding, crop physiology, production, and pest management.

The result shown that the cassava root yield is delivered from the exotic fruits in germ-plasma collection.  In addition,  the current exotic cassava lines still need the good agriculture practice to pave their ways to success for the high final harvesting.  The program of cassava improvement also accommodate  under planting area and different groups of cassava producer, from the small farms holders to the industrial scale production.  Reducing chemical using is needed by develop integrative strategies of green and environmentally production systems.

As a conclusion, some case of cassava production in Thailand, they encompass all dimension a wide range of agricultural science, basic science, economics and social science.  And It is also need maintaining the balance on socioeconomic of the country to produce cassava in the future.

Toward Strengthening Social Resilience: A Case Study on Recovery of Capture Fisheries after Asia’s Tsunami in Aceh, Indonesia

Zulhamsyah Imran and Masahiro Yamao

Abstract— Social resilience has role to govern the local community and coastal fisheries resources toward sustainable fisheries development in tsunami affected area.  This paper asses, explore and investigates of indigenous institutions, external and internal facilitators toward strengthening social resilience.  Identification of the genuine organizations role had been conducted twice by using Rapid Assessment Appraisal, Focus Group Discussion, and in-depth interview for collecting primary and secondary data. Local wisdom had a contribution and adaptable to rebound social resilience.  The Panglima Laot Lhok (sea commander) had determined and adapted role on recovery of the fishing community, particularly facilitated aid delivery to fishermen, as shown in anchovy fisheries relief case in Krueng Raya Bay. Toke Bangku (financial trader) had stimulated for reinforcement of advance payment and market channel.  The other institutions supported upon linking and bridging connectivity among stakeholders. Collaborative governance can avoid conflict, reduce donor dependency and strengthen social resilience within fishing community.

KeywordsFishing community, indigenous institution, adaptive role, collaborative, social resilience. 

Zulhamsyah Imran is PhD Student in Graduate School of Biosphere Science  and Researcher in Center for Coastal and Marine Resources Studies, Bogor Agricultural University, 1-4-4 Kagamiyama , Higashi-Hiroshima, 739-8528 (phone: (81)82-424-7912; fax: (81)82-424-7916; e-mail: zulhamsyah.imran@gmail.com).

Masahiro Yamao, is Professor in the Graduate School of Biospher Science, Hiroshima University, Japan, 1-4-4 Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima, 739-8528 (e-mail: yamao@hiroshima-u.ac.jp).