Toward Strengthening Social Resilience: A Case Study on Recovery of Capture Fisheries after Asia’s Tsunami in Aceh, Indonesia

Zulhamsyah Imran and Masahiro Yamao

Abstract— Social resilience has role to govern the local community and coastal fisheries resources toward sustainable fisheries development in tsunami affected area.  This paper asses, explore and investigates of indigenous institutions, external and internal facilitators toward strengthening social resilience.  Identification of the genuine organizations role had been conducted twice by using Rapid Assessment Appraisal, Focus Group Discussion, and in-depth interview for collecting primary and secondary data. Local wisdom had a contribution and adaptable to rebound social resilience.  The Panglima Laot Lhok (sea commander) had determined and adapted role on recovery of the fishing community, particularly facilitated aid delivery to fishermen, as shown in anchovy fisheries relief case in Krueng Raya Bay. Toke Bangku (financial trader) had stimulated for reinforcement of advance payment and market channel.  The other institutions supported upon linking and bridging connectivity among stakeholders. Collaborative governance can avoid conflict, reduce donor dependency and strengthen social resilience within fishing community.

KeywordsFishing community, indigenous institution, adaptive role, collaborative, social resilience. 

Zulhamsyah Imran is PhD Student in Graduate School of Biosphere Science  and Researcher in Center for Coastal and Marine Resources Studies, Bogor Agricultural University, 1-4-4 Kagamiyama , Higashi-Hiroshima, 739-8528 (phone: (81)82-424-7912; fax: (81)82-424-7916; e-mail: zulhamsyah.imran@gmail.com).

Masahiro Yamao, is Professor in the Graduate School of Biospher Science, Hiroshima University, Japan, 1-4-4 Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima, 739-8528 (e-mail: yamao@hiroshima-u.ac.jp).

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